Politically, the ERC aimed to ease tensions after the Second World War. In particular, it was hoped that integration would foster a lasting reconciliation between France and Germany, thereby reducing the potential for war. The management of the ERC required political cooperation among its members through formal supranational institutions. Among these institutions was the Commission, which formulated and managed the EEC`s policy; The Council of Ministers, which has passed legislation; the European Parliament, originally a strictly advisory body, whose members were delegates of national parliaments (they would then be elected by direct universal suffrage); and the European Court of Justice, which interpreted EU law and refereed disputes. Parliament insisted that an agreement be reached and, on 20 September 1976, the Council agreed on some of the instruments needed for the elections and postponed the details of the electoral systems, which still differ today.  During President Jenkins` term in June 1979, elections were held in all members at the time (see the 1979 European Parliament elections).  The new Parliament, mobilized by direct elections and new powers, began to work full-time and became more active than previous assemblies.  Six countries signed a treaty on this day in 1957 establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) – commonly referred to as the common market – and are taking the first steps towards closer fiscal and political harmony that would develop within the European Union. Archaic barriers between nations have been gradually removed and common policies have been developed for thought, agriculture and economic relations with third countries. The EEC and Euratom were members of a single Council of Ministers, a meeting of representatives and a tribunal.
On 25 March 1957, the conference led to the signing of the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community and the Euratom Treaty at the Palazzo dei Conservatori on Capitol Hill in Rome. The treaty has been amended several times since 1957. The Maastricht Treaty of 1992 removed the word “economic” from the official title of the Treaty of Rome and in 2009 the Lisbon Treaty renamed it the “Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union”.