(5) In order to achieve a uniform application of the concept of appropriate health or plant health protection against risks to life or human or animal health, or to animals or to health, each member avoids any arbitrary or unjustified difference between levels that he deems appropriate in different situations, where such distinctions result in discrimination or disguised restriction of international trade. Members are cooperating with the Section 12, paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 committee to develop guidelines to promote the practical implementation of this provision. In developing the guidelines, the committee takes into account all relevant factors, including the exceptional nature of the human health risks to which individuals voluntarily expose themselves. The SPS agreement encourages governments to define national measures in accordance with international standards, guidelines and recommendations. This process is often referred to as “harmonization.” The WTO itself does not develop or develop such standards. However, most WTO member governments (132 at the time of development) are involved in the development of these standards in other international for a. The standards are developed by leading health scientists and government health experts and are subject to international review and verification. NOTE: An area without pests or disease may be surrounded, surrounded or adjacent, whether within a part of a country or a geographic region comprising parts or several countries where a specific pest or disease is known to be present, but where regional control measures, such as the creation of protection, surveillance and buffer zones, including or exterminating the pest. 6. Without prejudice to Article 3, paragraph 2, when establishing or maintaining sanitary or plant health measures to achieve an appropriate level of plant health or protection, members ensure that these measures are no more restrictive than those necessary to achieve their appropriate health or plant health level, taking into account the technical and economic feasibility. (3) The World Trade Organization (WTO) agreement on the application of health and plant health measures (SPS) aims to guarantee the right of governments to protect food, plant and animal health and to prevent such measures from being unjustified obstacles to health and plant health exchanges.
However, the SPS agreement encourages governments to “harmonize” or base their national measures on international standards, guidelines and recommendations developed by WTO member governments in other international organizations. In the area of food security, the FAO/WHO Joint Commission codex food arius is one of these organisations; for animal health, the International Office of Epidemics; Plant Health, FAO`s international convention on plant protection.