The authors thank Channing Arndt, Finn Tarp and Alan Winters for their helpful comments and suggestions, Ramon Ynaraja for providing relevant data and DANIDA for financial support. This document was produced as part of the commercial component of the “Capacity Building and Technical Assistance to the National Directorate of Policy Studies and Analysis” in Mozambique, as part of the commercial component of the “Capacity Building and Technical Assistance to the National Directorate for Policy Studies and Analysis” project. A. Alfieri thanks USAID for its financial support. A turnkey example is the Generalized Preference System (GSP): a one-sided preferential program proposed by many industrialized countries (for example. B United States, Switzerland, Japan and the EU) for a number of developing and least developed countries. Preferential rules of origin are applied to prevent third countries from benefiting from preferential tariffs offered to select GSP recipient countries. The analysis of unilateral export preferences is comparable to the analysis of free trade agreements (2 In a simple framework for partial balance, assuming perfect competition and homogeneous homogeneity between import sources, we should expect a small country with preferences and unable to influence international exports of the product at the international price plus duty (Figure 1). In practical terms, trade in balance in the EU market, without tariffs for this product, would be determined by the intersection between global supply at international prices and net demand for imports at point g). However, the introduction of a tariff has pushed up the international price over the years and the new balance in which global supply covers net import demand reduces imports into the EU to . In this case, Mozambican exporters, represented by the supply plan, can supply, while world suppliers supply other EU imports. Regional Trade Agreements (ATRs) – The WTO uses the term “regional trade agreements” as a generic for all reciprocal agreements, such as trade agreements, free trade agreements and partial agreements. This is because such agreements were primarily within the jurisdiction of the WTO Regional Trade Agreements Committee.
In reality, these trade agreements do not need members from the same region (for example.B.